The best short love poems in English
What are the best short love poems in all of English literature? Every poetry-lover’s list is going to be slightly different, of course, but here we’ve tried to find the best romantic poems that don’t outstay their welcome – our ‘rule’ is that the love poem must not be longer than 14 lines, the length of a traditional sonnet. But many of the classic short love poems included below are considerably shorter than this. All ten poems in this selection sing love’s praises – we’ve covered poems about lost love and break-ups in a separate list – but we think most of them will be firm favourites among the ‘loved up’, whether you’re looking for a great love poem for Valentine’s Day, or any other time of the year. What would make your list of the best brief poems about love?
Sir Philip Sidney, ‘My true love hath my heart, and I have his’. This poem, taken from Sidney’s much longer prose work the Arcadia, is one of the finest Elizabethan love poems, and also an early example of the English or ‘Shakespearean’ sonnet. The speaker of the poem is a shepherdess, pledging her love for her betrothed, a shepherd who rests in her lap.
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 29. We could have gone for the obvious one here – Sonnet 18, ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ – but we think this poem, about cursing your lot only to recall that you have the love of that special someone, speaks more immediately to most people’s experience of being in love. How often do we count our blessings and remember that, among those blessings, we can say we are loved?
Anne Bradstreet, ‘To My Dear and Loving Husband’. This short love poem, standing at just twelve lines long, was written by the first poet in America to have a book of poems published – Bradstreet (1612-78) had her volume The Tenth Muse published in 1651. Bradstreet praises her ‘dear and loving husband’, whom she regards as her complement: his love is more valuable to her than all the riches of the East, all the gold in the world. Her love for him, too, can never be exhausted.
Robert Herrick, ‘Upon Julia’s Clothes’. An altogether more sensual poem, this, by one of the seventeenth century’s greatest Cavalier poets. In just six lines, Herrick (1591-1674) reflects on the rather striking effect that his lover wearing silken clothes has upon him. It’s not as obviously a classic love poem as some of the others on this list, but then love can take many forms…
Christina Rossetti, ‘The First Day’. Many of the greatest and most affecting love poems – even the happy ones – carry an air of regret or poignancy, and this fine, underrated poem by Christina Rossetti (1830-94) is a good example. In ‘The First Day’, Rossetti longs to remember her first meeting with her lover, but because she didn’t know at the time what a momentous event it would turn out to be, she let it slip away ‘unrecorded’.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, ‘Now sleeps the crimson petal, now the white’. This short fourteen-line song from Tennyson’s long narrative poem or ‘medley’, The Princess, is a version of the Persial ghazal form. ‘Now sleeps the crimson petal’ is a classic erotic and sensual love poem whose ‘fire-fly’ evokes the burning passion of the speaker, while the reference to Danaë suggests sexual union through its reference to Zeus’s coupling with Danaë, with the Greek god disguised as a shower of gold.
Emily Dickinson, ‘To lose thee, sweeter than to gain’. This short eight-line poem by Dickinson is not among her most famous works, but it’s a lovely take on the idea of losing somebody one loves, and celebrating the sentiment expressed elsewhere by Tennyson: ‘’Tis better to have loved and lost / Than never to have loved at all.’
Charlotte Mew, ‘A Quoi Bon Dire’. This touching short poem about lovers divided but then, the speaker hopes, reunited in death stands at just thirteen lines. The ending is fantastic. Mew is best-remembered for her poem ‘The Farmer’s Bride’, but ‘A Quoi Bon Dire’ shows that she could write moving short poems about love.
W. B. Yeats, ‘He Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven’. The gist of this poem, one of Yeats’s most popular poems, is straightforward: if I were a rich man, I’d give you the world and all its treasures. If I were a god, I could take the heavenly sky and make a blanket out of it for you. But I’m only a poor man, and obviously the idea of making the sky into a blanket is silly and out of the question, so all I have of any worth are my dreams. And dreams are delicate and vulnerable – hence ‘Tread softly’. This is one of the finest very short love poems in the language, and a firm favourite with many readers.
Carol Ann Duffy, ‘Syntax’. At fourteen lines, this poem is a ‘sonnet’ of sorts – though its rhyme scheme and metre are unique to Duffy’s poem. First published in 2005, ‘Syntax’ is about trying to find new and original ways to say ‘I love you’. As many people have pointed out, when we say ‘I love you’ we are always, in effect, uttering a quotation. Duffy’s poem seeks out new ways to express the sincerity of love, explored, fittingly enough, in a new sort of ‘sonnet’ (14 lines and ending in a sort-of couplet, though written in irregular free verse). A love poem for the texting generation?
That concludes our selection of the greatest brief love poems in the English language – but what have we missed off? What poems briefly describe the experience of being in love in the most affecting way?
Looking for some classic love poems to woo that special someone? The best anthology of love poetry is, in our opinion, The New Faber Book of Love Poems. Or continue to explore some of the best short poems ever written with these classic short poems about death and our pick of the best short wedding poems. You might also like these five classic kissing poems.
Image (top): Anne Bradstreet, author unknown; Wikimedia Commons. Image (bottom): Portrait of Lord Alfred Tennyson by John Everett Millais, Wikimedia Commons.