The Best James Joyce Stories Everyone Should Read

James Joyce’s collection Dubliners (1914) was not an initial commercial success. It sold just 379 copies in its first year of publication, and 120 of those were bought by Joyce himself. Yet Dubliners redefined the short story and is now viewed as a classic work of modernist fiction, with each of its fifteen short stories repaying close analysis. Here are five of Joyce’s very best stories from Dubliners.

The Sisters’. The opening story in the collection, ‘The Sisters’ is unusual in that it is told in the first person, by a young boy whose friendship with a recently deceased Catholic priest, Father Flynn, starts to concern him as the narrator picks up rumours and whispers about the priest’s behaviour and reputation. Did Flynn do something wrong? Joyce doesn’t tell us – but the boy’s dreams and nightmares suggest that he may have been aware of something improper concerning the priest’s actions but, being only a child at the time, he had repressed it. It is significant that this opening story from Dubliners focuses on a young boy’s experiences, since the arrangement of the collection’s fifteen stories sees the average age of the stories’ protagonists gradually increase, until we reach late middle age in the final story (below).

Eveline’. ‘Eveline’ focuses on a young Irish woman of nineteen years of age, who plans to leave her abusive father and poverty-stricken existence in Ireland, and seek out a new, better life for herself and her lover Frank in Buenos Aires. Will she will ever get on that boat and leave Ireland behind, though? This story offers a clear example of the ‘paralysis’ that Joyce felt was crippling Ireland in the early twentieth century.

Araby’. A boy realises he has feelings for his neighbour’s sister and watches her from his house, daydreaming about her. When they eventually talk, she suggests that he visit a bazaar, Araby, on her behalf as she cannot go herself. The boy plans to go and buy her a present, and heads to Araby accordingly. This story examines the ways in which we come to terms with adulthood’s disappointments and how life is governed as much by anti-climax as it is by drama and excitement (indeed, perhaps more so?).

A Painful Case’. By this stage of Dubliners, we’re into the ‘middle-age’ stage of life: Mr James Duffy lives on his own in Chapelizod on the outskirts of Dublin, and leads a rather solitary, soulless existence. That is, until he meets a married woman at a concert and they strike up a friendship and she makes a pass at him. A powerful blend of tragedy, disappointment, and the solitary life versus the life of communion and love, ‘A Painful Case’ contains a fine example of the ambiguous epiphany which concludes so many of Joyce’s best stories.

The Dead’. The concluding story in Dubliners, and the most famous, ‘The Dead’ is almost the longest, and qualifies almost as a ‘novella’ as much as a short story. Focusing on a party which Gabriel Conroy and his wife attend around New Year, ‘The Dead’ homes in on the little events that occur at the party – the conversations, the dances, the speeches, the snide remarks – which gradually reveal not only the state of Gabriel’s own life but the state of Dublin, and Ireland, as Joyce saw it. The snow-filled ending is a far cry from Scrooge’s affirmative change of heart at the end of A Christmas Carol, although Gabriel, having discovered a secret his wife has been keeping since before they were married, certainly experiences a momentous epiphany at the end of the story.

Continue to explore short modern fiction with our pick of D. H. Lawrence’s best short stories, the best Henry James tales, and Virginia Woolf’s best short fiction.

Image: Hardwicke Street, Dublin in c. 1912, via Wikimedia Commons.


  1. Pingback: The Best James Joyce Stories Everyone Should Read — Interesting Literature | Elena Falletti

  2. Oh man you keep coming up with stories I read in my younger years and make me want to go back to them again – the reading list is already too long! 😂
    Joyce is a wonderful beloved writer and I recall these short stories with great fondness. Finnegan’s Wake is another great though I’ve yet to summon up the courage to read Ulysses…

  3. Thanks for posting. I gave up on Dubliners near the beginning due to the number of obscure references, but these descriptions could help me try again.

    • He’s definitely worth persevering with, Lily, though like most modernists, he doesn’t make it easy! I’d recommend ‘A Painful Case’ in particular – it’s like a sort of modernist response to Anna Karenina. It’s also reasonably short and offers a nice way in :)

  4. Absolutely love a bit of Joyce. This collection is a great introduction to his work, in my humble opinion.

    • Dubliners is definitely the best place to start! And a great gateway into the wonderful world of his later work, such as Finnegans Wake, which I know you’ve written a great and very helpful series of blog posts about :)

      • I’m not sure how helpful they were. I know idea what was going on half the time, but once you get going you do sort of get drawn in. Such a difficult book to explain – but well worth the effort!

        • I don’t think there could ever be a neat, glib analysis of that novel that nailed it as being ‘about’ this or ‘about’ that. It’s too complex and layered for conventional analysis, so any response must be impressionistic and open-ended. I certainly found them helpful! :)

          • Why thank you very much! I keep eyeing the book on my shelf and thinking I fancy giving it another go. It is quite an experience! :D