Five Fascinating Facts about Virginia Woolf’s ‘Flush’

By Viola van de Sandt

Most people know that Flush is the title of Virginia Woolf’s biography of Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s spaniel. Here are five things, however, you might not have known about this delightful book.

1. Woolf starting writing Flush after finishing her long novel The Years. In a letter to Lady Ottoline Morrell, she writes: ‘I was so tired after the Waves, that I lay in the garden and read the Browning love letters, and the figure of their dog made me laugh so I couldn’t resist making him a Life’.

woolf12. Academics have interpreted Flush in many different ways. Perhaps most surprisingly it has on one occasion even been compared to the Jack the Ripper murders. Susan Squier argues that Flush’s ‘kidnapping and imprisonment, with its horrible motif of the threatened package of his head and paws, implicitly recalls the murders of Jack the Ripper’.*

3. Virginia Woolf often referred to herself by animal names. She called herself ‘Billy’, ‘Goat’ or ‘Ape’ in her correspondence to her sister and brother, and signed a thank-you letter to a favourable reviewer of Flush with ‘Yours affectionate old English springer spaniel Virginia’.

4. The model for Flush was the puppy Pinker. The dog was given to the Woolfs in 1926 by Virginia’s friend and lover Vita Sackville-West.

5. Although Flush is nowadays often seen and discussed as hardly more than a humorous writer’s holiday, the work does raise questions about human relations with animals. In her obituary ‘On a faithful friend’, Woolf writes in 1904 that ‘There is something, too, profane in the familiarity, half contemptuous, with which we treat our animals. We deliberately transplant a little bit of simple wild life, and make it grow up beside ours, which is neither simple nor wild’.

* Susan Squier, Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1985 (p. 127).

Viola van de Sandt is a postgraduate student in English literature at King’s College, London. She loves writing about women in English and American novels, and does exactly that on her own blog, ‘Broken Glass’.

Image: Portrait of Virginia Woolf, c. 1917, public domain.


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  3. Enlightening and entertaining read. Thanks for sharing!

  4. Hi I have nominated you for the One Lovely Blog Award. Because you have an interesting style of blogging and your topics look like they are about historical topics, with a mix.

  5. Reblogged this on 1WriteWay and commented:
    An interesting post from one of my most favorite blogs, Interesting Literature. This one offers five fascinating facts about Virginia Woolf’s life of a dog, Flush.

  6. Thanks for these interesting facts about Flush. I’ve read many of Woolf’s books, but, sadly, not yet Flush. This post motivates to change that :)

  7. Fascinating indeed. I am yet to read any Virginia Woolf and must confess to not knowing much about her, other than that she was part of the Bloomsbury set and met her demise after walking into the River Ouse near her house in Sussex. Woolf’s observations about how us humans treat our pets is a very valid one.

  8. Anatomía de la Intimidad

    very interesting.

  9. #3 is definitely interesting. No wolf references though, eh? ;) On a serious note though, I wonder what were the reasons behind the animals she did refer herself to.